PC material datasheet


Polycarbonates (PC) are a group of thermoplastic polymers containing carbonate groups in their chemical structures. Polycarbonates used in engineering are strong, tough materials, and some grades are optically transparent. They are easily worked, molded, and thermoformed. Because of these properties, polycarbonates find many applications.

 

Chemical and physical properties

Polycarbonate is a durable material. Although it has high impact-resistance, it has low scratch-resistance. Therefore, a hard coating is applied to polycarbonate eyewear lenses and polycarbonate exterior automotive components. The characteristics of polycarbonate compare to those of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA, acrylic), but polycarbonate is stronger and will hold up longer to extreme temperature. Polycarbonate is highly transparent to visible light, with better light transmission than many kinds of glass.

 

Polycarbonate has a glass transition temperature of about 147 °C (297 °F; 420 K), so it softens gradually above this point and flows above about 155 °C (311 °F; 428 K).[8] Tools must be held at high temperatures, generally above 80 °C (176 °F; 353 K) to make strain-free and stress-free products. Low molecular mass grades are easier to mold than higher grades, but their strength is lower as a result. The toughest grades have the highest molecular mass, but are much more difficult to process.

 

Polycarbonate can undergo large plastic deformations without cracking or breaking. As a result, it can be processed and formed at room temperature using sheet metal techniques, such as bending on a brake. Even for sharp angle bends with a tight radius, heating may not be necessary. This makes it valuable in prototyping applications where transparent or electrically non-conductive parts are needed, which cannot be made from sheet metal. PMMA/Acrylic, which is similar in appearance to polycarbonate, is brittle and cannot be bent at room temperature.

* Citing source: Wikipedia

   

 

Chemical resistance chart

How to use this chart

» Meaning of symbol:

       OK: Recommend

△: Must confirm if usable by testing advanced. 

 X: Not recommend

» This chart only provide result of single chemical to material, if client use more than one kinds of chemical in the same time, please choose material by experience.

» This chart is for reference which not able to be applicable to all environment. Please design equipment according to practical experience.

 

Catagory Chemical PC
Organic acids Acetic acid OK(20%)
Acetic acid, glacial  OK
Acetic anhydride X
Citric acid OK
Organic compound  Acetaldehyde X
 Acetone

X

Alcohol:methyl
OK(<20°C)
Aniline

X

Benzaldehyde

X

 Benzene X
Benzyl alcohol
X
Benzyl chloride
N/A
Corn oil
N/A
Ethanol OK
Ethylene glycol
OK
Fatty acid
OK
Formaldehyde

OK(40%)

Formic acid
OK
Hexane
X
Lactic acid

OK

Methanol
OK
Paraffin oil
OK
Petroleum N/A
 Phenol

OK

Propane, liq

X

 Propanol OK
Stearic acid
OK
Tannic acid
N/A
Tartaric acid
OK
 Toluene X
 Urea

OK

Inorganic compound Ammonia
X
Ammonium chloride OK
Ammonium hydroxide
X
Ammonium nitrate
N/A
Ammonium sulfate
OK
Aqua regia
X
Barium chloride
OK
Barium hydroxide
X
Brine
N/A
Calcium Chloride
N/A
Calcium hydroxide
X
Carbonic acid
OK
Chloric acid N/A
Chlorine

N/A

Detergent

X

Hydrobromic acid
N/A
Hydrochloric acid

X

Hydrofluoric acid  X
Hydrogen peroxide
OK(30%)
Nitric acid

OK(5%) OK(40%)

Phosphoric acid
OK(<40%)
Potassium hydroxide
X
Potassium nitrate
OK
Potassium sulfate
OK
Sodium carbonate
 OK
Sodium hydroxide

X

Sodium nitrate
N/A
Sulfuric acid
X
Sulfur dioxide
N/A

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