Bobby Brown
Post 2017-03-15
ABS Resin Material Characterization


What is ABS

ABS resin (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) is a high-strength, tough, and easily moldable thermoplastic polymer. Due to its superior properties, ABS resin is widely used in various industrial and consumer products, such as appliance housings and toys.

Chemical and physical properties

ABS resin is a milky white solid with a certain degree of toughness and a density of about 1.04-1.06 g/cm³. It has strong resistance to acids, alkalis, and salts, and can withstand some organic solvents. 

ABS resin performs well in environments ranging from -25°C to 60°C, and it has excellent moldability, producing smooth, easily dyeable, and electroplatable surfaces. Therefore, it is commonly used in the manufacturing of household appliance housings and toys. A typical example is LEGO bricks, which are made from ABS. 

ABS resin can be blended with various other resins, such as PC/ABS, ABS/PVC, PA/ABS, and PBT/ABS, to create new properties and applications. For instance, mixing ABS resin with PMMA can produce transparent ABS, broadening its range of uses. Additionally, ABS resin operates effectively in temperatures between -25°C and 60°C, and it is known for its good moldability, resulting in smooth, dyeable, and electroplatable products. 

Chemical resistance chart

How to use this chart

» Meaning of symbol: 
OK: Recommended. △: Must confirm if usable by testing in advanced. X: Not recommended.
» This chart only provides the result of a single chemical to material, if a client uses more than one kind of chemical at the same time, please choose material by experience.
» This chart is for reference only which is not applicable to all working environments. Please refer to design equipment according to practical experience.
Category Name ABS
Organic acids Acetic acid OK (10% 20°C)
X (10% 60°C)
Acetic acid, glacial X
Acetic anhydride X
Citric acid OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Organic compound
Acetaldehyde X
Acetone X
Methyl alcohol X
Aniline X
Benzaldehyde OK (20˚C)
Benzene X
Benzyl alcohol X
Benzyl chloride X
Corn oil X
Ethylene glycol OK
Fatty acid OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Formaldehyde OK (40% 20˚C, 40% 60˚C)
Formic acid OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Hexane X
Lactic acid OK (90% 20˚C, 90% 60˚C)
Methanol X
Paraffin oil OK, Wax (20˚C, 60˚C)
Petroleum X
Phenol X
Propane, liq N/A
Stearic acid N/A
Tannic acid N/A
Tartaric acid OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Toluene X
Urea OK (30% 20˚C, 30% 60˚C)
Inorganic compound
Ammonia OK, Aqueous (20˚C)
X (60˚C)
Ammonium chloride OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Ammonium hydroxide
Ammonium nitrate OK, Sat'd (20˚C, 40˚C)
Ammonium sulfate OK
Aqua regia X
Barium chloride OK
Barium hydroxide OK
Brine OK, Sat'd (20˚C)
Calcium Chloride OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Calcium hydroxide OK
Carbonic acid OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Chloric acid N/A
Chlorine OK, Dry (20˚C, 60˚C)
OK, Wet (20˚C, 60˚C)
Hydrobromic acid OK (50% 20˚C)
X (50% 60˚C)
Hydrochloric acid OK (10% 20˚C, 10% 60˚C)
OK (Conc. 20˚C)
X (Conc. 60˚C)
Hydrofluoric acid OK (40% 20˚C)
X (40% 60˚C)
X (75% 20˚C, 60˚C)
Hydrogen peroxide OK (30% 20˚C)
X (40% 60˚C)
X (30~90% 20˚C, 60˚C)
Nitric acid X
Phosphoric acid OK (20%, 50%, 95% 20˚C)
X (20%, 50%, 95% 60˚C)
Potassium hydroxide OK
Potassium nitrate
Potassium sulfate
Sodium carbonate OK (20˚C, 60˚C)
Sodium hydroxide △ (20%)
OK (50~80%)
Sodium nitrate N/A
Sulfuric acid △ (10~75%)
Sulfur dioxide X


  1. ^ ABS - Wikipedia
Products you may also like
Related articles
Bobby Brown    2023-8-8
Bobby Brown    2023-8-8
Bobby Brown    2023-8-8

Contact Us