author
Bobby Brown
Post 2017-03-17
Nylon Material Characterization

Contents


What is Nylon

Nylon, also known as polyamide, is a synthetic polymer, fiber, and plastic characterized as a condensation polymer linked by amide bonds. It's the first fully synthetic fiber developed, made from carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. The primary raw materials, hexamethylenediamine and adipic acid, are combined in a polymerization process to create nylon. This versatile material serves as a base for various synthetic fibers and is utilized in construction.


Chemical and physical properties

Nylon is recognized for its high strength, excellent wear resistance, good corrosion resistance, and thermal stability, enduring most acids, alkalis, salts, and organic solvents. It can sustain continuous use up to 150°C and short-term exposure up to 200°C. With low moisture absorption, it resists mold better than cotton. Its superb processability allows it to be melt-molded, spun into yarn, and formed into a wide range of products such as clothing, textiles, automotive parts, mechanical components, packaging, fishing nets, ropes, and bristles.

Chemical resistance chart

How to use this chart

» Meaning of symbol: 
OK: Recommended. △: Must confirm if usable by testing in advanced. X: Not recommended.
» This chart only provides the result of a single chemical to material, if a client uses more than one kind of chemical at the same time, please choose material by experience.
» This chart is for reference only which is not applicable to all working environments. Please refer to design equipment according to practical experience.
Category Name Nylon
Organic acids
Acetic acid
Acetic acid, glacial
Acetic anhydride
Citric acid
Organic compound
Acetaldehyde OK
Acetone OK
Methyl alcohol OK
Aniline OK (48°C)
Benzaldehyde OK (22°C)
Benzene OK (22°C)
Benzyl alcohol X
Benzyl chloride OK
Corn oil OK
Ethanol
Ethylene glycol OK
Fatty acid OK
Formaldehyde OK (40%)
X (100%)
Formic acid X
Hexane OK
Lactic acid X
Methanol OK
Paraffin oil OK
Petroleum OK
Phenol X
Propane, liq OK
Propanol N/A
Stearic acid OK
Tannic acid X
Tartaric acid OK
Toluene OK
Urea
Inorganic compound
Ammonia OK (10%)
Ammonium chloride
Ammonium hydroxide
Ammonium nitrate
Ammonium sulfate OK
Aqua regia X
Barium chloride OK
Barium hydroxide OK
Brine OK (Sea Water/Salt Brine)
N/A (Calcium Chloride/Sodium Chloride)
Calcium Chloride OK
Calcium hydroxide OK
Carbonic acid OK
Chloric acid X
Chlorine X
Detergent OK (22°C)
Hydrobromic acid X
Hydrochloric acid X
Hydrofluoric acid X
Hydrogen peroxide X
Nitric acid X
Phosphoric acid X
Potassium hydroxide X
Potassium nitrate X
Potassium sulfate OK
Sodium carbonate OK
Sodium hydroxide
Sodium nitrate OK
Sulfuric acid X
Sulfur dioxide

Reference

  1. ^ Nylon - wikipedia
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Bobby Brown    2023-8-8
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